Original Article Credit to U-T San Diego can be found here: http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/2014/mar/06/botox-hyaluronic-chemical-Microdermabrasion/
Today there are many ways to improve the appearance of your skin without scheduling a face-lift. And every year, more and more Americans choose to have one of these nonsurgical procedures.
According to Dr. Moneer Jaibaji, MD, a Sharp Grossmont Hospital-affiliated board certified plastic surgeon, nonsurgical cosmetic procedures have both advantages and disadvantages, but simplicity and lower cost are among its main benefits over surgery.
“Nonsurgical procedures often require only a local or no anesthesia, and the doctor can set up right in the office,” he said. “Patients experience less pain and complications, faster results with minimal downtime, greater privacy and a greater sense of control compared to surgery.”
One of the disadvantages of nonsurgical procedures is its short-term effectiveness, which could lead the patient to repeat the procedure in order to maintain results, said Dr. Jaibaji.
In order to better educate consumers, the American Society of Plastic Surgeons compiled a list of the top five most popular nonsurgical cosmetic options:
Derived from bacteria, botox is injected into a targeted facial muscle to block nerve impulses. This temporarily weakens the muscle, diminishing wrinkles. Botox can be used to treat forehead lines, crow’s-feet and frown lines between the eyebrows — but this last one is the only FDA-approved cosmetic usage. Results generally last three to four months, and side effects may include headache, soreness and mild bruising
Hyaluronic acid (HA) gel
This is a lubricant produced naturally by the body. It helps restore smoothness by binding with water to plump up the skin. As with Botox, HA is an injection that lessens the appearance of wrinkles. The difference is that HA fills wrinkles, while Botox affects facial muscles. The effects of HA last anywhere from four to 12 months. Bruising, redness, swelling and pain may occur, but usually go away within seven days
These remove the top layer of skin, reducing depressed scars and giving the skin a more even color. It takes up to 14 days for new skin to appear, and there are often special instructions about how to care for the skin as it heals. Infection and scarring can occur if the instructions are not followed.
Laser hair removal
This process destroys hair follicles with heat. It may take a few treatments, but eventually the hair loss is permanent, doing away with the need to shave. Side effects can include blistering, discoloration after treatment, swelling, redness and scarring. While laser hair removal is safe, the FDA has received reports of serious and life-threatening side effects associated with using large amounts of a skin-numbing cream sometimes applied before the procedure. Consult a health care professional before agreeing to the cream.
Using a handheld device, microdermabrasion gently buffs away the top layer of skin. This exfoliation helps minimize sun spots, shallow scars, fine lines and uneven tone or texture on the face, neck, chest and hands. Five to 16 treatments are typically needed to see results. Side effects may include pink or slightly red swollen skin, which goes away within a day or so.
While you don’t need a referral for these nonsurgical procedures, it never hurts to talk with your primary care physician about any concerns or questions you have.
Dr. Jaibaji is a double board-certified surgeon, certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery and the American Board of Surgery.